Types of Lipoma

Types of Lipoma
Types of Lipoma

There are many different types of lipoma. The superficial subcutaneous lipoma is the most common type of lipoma probably due to its frequency and ease of diagnosis. This lipoma often appears as a soft movable lump under the skin commonly on the thighs, torso and arms. They tend to appear in areas of the body that store fatty tissue and grow very slowly.

Spindle cell lipoma, hibernoma, pleomorphic lipoma and chondroid lipoma are all other types of lipoma that may form but in this article I will focus on the most common which is the superficial subcutaneous lipoma.

Lipoma’s share similar visual symptoms to tumors and cancers but they are not cancerous by any means. They are simply lumps of fatty tissue encased in a collagen membrane and are more often than not harmless. They become a health concern when they start to interfere with bodily functions by pushing on organs, nerves or muscle tissue.

To prevent a misdiagnosis, its important to consult with a health expert who will often start with a physical exam and move onto a biopsy or extraction of a tissue sample where the sample will be studies appropriately for its composition in a laboratory. Only then can you be certain of the diagnosis. It is not uncommon for lipoma to be misdiagnosed so be vigilant and consult a doctor or dermatologist. An accurate diagnosis is very important in order to plan an appropriate course of action and treatment.

Lipoma’s as with cancers are often named as to their location on the body: Back lipoma, neck lipoma, arm lipoma are commonly used terms to describe superficial subcutaneous lipoma’s in these areas. Lipoma only need removal if they become a health or cosmetic concern and this is often dependent on where they are situated on the body. A lipoma on the face will likely be surgically removed for cosmetic reasons, however its important to consult an expert on the removal choices you have as some procedures can result in permanent scaring, sometimes worse than the lipoma in the first place.

Proper diet and exercise with appropriate supplementation have been suggested by many to have an impact on the progression and regression of lipoma. Its something one should consider with or prior to surgery or liposuction as these procedures can be expensive, leave scares, or even result in the re-growth and appearance of the lipoma if not fully removed. These are often not covered by insurance if the removal is for cosmetic reasons.

Non-surgical procedures to removing lipoma can take time and may require change in habits and lifestyle, but they can be very rewarding in the long-term as they will also result in better health, rejuvenation, more energy, increased metabolic rate and all round good healthy habits. This approach will also reduce the risk of other diseases and conditions forming such as cancer, cardio vascular disease, diabetes, obesity, excess weight to name a few.

I hope this article has been useful. Feel free to add to it below in the comments section.

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Intramuscular Lipoma – What you Should Know

Intramuscular Lipoma are Frequently Confused with Sarcomas.

Intramuscular LipomaIntramuscular lipoma is a very rare form of lipoma occurring in about 1% of all reported lipoma cases (reference) . However, it can be one of the most painful lipomas to have as it infiltrates and grows in the muscle tissue. Due to its tendency to conceal itself deep in muscle tissue, it is hard to properly diagnose and even more difficult to differentiate from other tumors like a sarcoma – which is a life threatening malignant cancer (Differences explained here). It is very important that if intramuscular lipoma is suspected, that a frozen biopsy is performed for analysis. A recent study that retrospectively analyzed intramuscular lipoma cases, explain that a radiological test is not sufficient to differentiate the lipoma from a sarcoma (reference).

It is also important to note that intramuscular lipomas have a very high recurrence rate, meaning they can reappear after surgery. This recurrence rate can be as high as 80%. Due to their ability to cause pain and discomfort in the adjacent muscle tissue, intramuscular lipomas are one of the more undesirable lipomas to have growing in your body.

It is not clear why these types of intramuscular lipomas develop but there are many theories to their appearance which include metaplasia, trauma, chronic irritation, and congenital development. If you happened on this webpage looking for detailed information about intramuscular lipomas, I suggest you go over to PubMed and read this free full-version review on the topic: Treatment for Intramuscular Lipoma Frequently Confused with Sarcoma: A 6-Year Restrospective Study and Literature Review 

Here is what a Typical Lipoma Looks Like

Here is a great photo of a “typical lipoma” up front and personal! A lipoma is a fatty tumor that grows very slowly and is often located under the skin. They are almost exclusively benign and do not spread through the body like a cancer does. Your doctor will likely recommend surgery or liposuction as a way to get rid of them (if that is what you want) but there are also other treatment options available including collagenase injections and natural remedies. There are also many supplements on the market that help in redistributing/eliminating fat storages that can influence a lipomas size or growth rate. Here are some Guides that can help you understand the things you need to do to fight lipomas naturally.

If you do see what you think is a lipoma under the skin, consult your physician first to ensure that the diagnosis is done correctly and it is indeed a lipoma. Cysts, can often look like a lipoma but are filled with fluids and not fats. So its important the right diagnosis is made before a treatment action is taken. Any Questions? Comment below!


Man Has To Live With Giant Lipoma On His Neck

One of the most serious cases of lipoma in years has recently came to public attention in a story published by The Sun. The tumor has a huge size. Actually, the massive tumor encircles the patient’s neck. And the most shocking thing about this story is that the man in cause has to live with this tumor, as he cannot afford paying for medical help.

Wang Zhixiang is suffering from lipoma, which is still a benign growth. The tumor is a soft lump formed below the skin. This lipoma is caused by an overgrowth of fat cells, as doctors claimed in Wang’s case. And that is not all. The tumor tends to spread around his body, affecting his back, legs, arms and stomach, too. Removing it as soon as possible is a must, but unfortunately Wang cannot afford to pay for the medical intervention.

Why has the huge size lipoma developed? According to Wang Zhixiang the tumor probably is a result of a hormone therapy he received back in 2005, after an accident he unfortunately suffered. As in most cases, lipomas are not harmful and do not tend to grow, no medical interventions are required. However, when lipomas tend to grow and become quite large, as the case for Wang Zhixiang, they need to be removed.

The growth is now 30 centimeters wide, but Wang Zhixiang, from Jilin city, Jilin province in China, must live with it. Even though the tumor is not cancerous, this is one of the most obvious cases in which lipoma has to be removed. As the tumor continues to grow, it will most likely affect Wang’s mobility, which already is quite limited. Living with such a tumor seems absolutely impossible and not only really shocking.

Hopefully, Wang Zhixiang will be able to raise the needed sum of money to have the medical intervention performed before new complications are developed.

Lipoma Categories And Surgical Techniques

Lipoma on forearm what is ipoma
Lipoma on Forearm – Source: Wikipedia

Lipomas are known as fat tissue under skin, but they are biochemically different from normal fat, having increased levels of lipoprotein lipase and many precursor cells. The majority of lipomas feature clonal alterations, involving a breakpoint on band 12q13-15. Generally, no fatalities were reported with lipomas, but mild tenderness is occasionally associated with them. These fatty tissue occur at any age, but are rare in infants and children.

Lipomas are classified in categories such as:

  • diffuse congenital lipomatosis are localized mainly on the trunk and tumors can get through muscle fibers; are made of immature fat cells
  • familial multiple lipomatosis are well-demarcated, encapsulated lipomas, affecting the extremities
  • benign symmetric lipomatosis (Madelung disease) include lipomas of the head, neck, proximal upper extremities and also shoulders; other conditions associated with these lipomas are malignant tumors of the upper airways, hyperuricemia,peripheral neuropathy, obesity, renal tubular acidosis and liver disorders
  • Dercum disease (adiposis dolorosa) that involves painful lipomas
  • hibernomas refer to solitary well-circumscribed nodules, asymptomatic, located in the axxilae, neck, mediastinum or interscapular region
  • solitary lipomas are small, superficial and develop with weight gain
  • angiolipomas are soft, tender and subcutaneous nodules, sometimes firmer than ordinary lipomas; usually, they emerge during teenage

Details about lipomas:

  • rubbery consistence
  • they can be lobulated
  • are subcutaneous nodules of about 2-10 cm
  • the skin overlying them is normal and there are no connections to the tumor
  • the most affected parts of the body are neck, back and proximal extremities also

In case there are suspicions of cancer, the only solution to find the answer is through CT scanning, ultrasonography and biopsy. The main surgical techniques are:

    • simple surgical excision of lipomas by dissecting the mass from the surrounding fat tissue
    • squeeze technique, used for superficial and small lipomas
    • liposuction

Your doctor will decide which is the most suitable and less risky technique for you after he will examine you and after medical test results.